USMLE (Fach) / Kaplan - Pathology (Lektion)

Vorderseite Major causes of shock
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Cardiogenic shock (pump failure): myocardial infarction, cardiac arrhythmias, pulmonary embolism, cardiac tamponade

Hypovolemic shock (reduced blood volume): hemorrhage, fluid loss secondary to severe burns, severe dehydration

Septic shock (viral of bacterial infection): causes cytokines to trigger vasodilation and hypotension, ARDS, DIC, multiple organ dysfunction syndrome

Neurogenic shock (generalized vasodilation): anesthesia, brain or spinal cord injury

Anaphylactic shock (generalized vasodilation): type I hypersensitivity reaction

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